Blog Archives

Occupied Italy

by Randomizer on Dec 6 2012

Squatting is in the news again. This time, as a consequence of a new UK law criminalizing the practice. In effect since November, the legislation could not have been passed at a poorer (to put it bluntly,) time. With the British economy in its fourth year of crisis, there was something especially cruel about the gesture. If you’re homeless, that’s your lot. Shelter is out of the question. Read the rest of this entry

Monti’s government “democratic and sober” response to the crisis and social unrest

The demonstrations that took place all over Italy on 14th November as part of a European Day of Action against austerity are already setting the pace of the new management of public order. In Rome in particular it’s been forbidden for months to get anywhere close to the political headquarters during demonstrations, despite the revocation of the decrees introduced last year by the Mayor to turn the whole of the city centre into a red zone. Read the rest of this entry

Italy 1960s-70s – reading guide

Italy 1960s-70s - reading guide’s reading guide on the Italian social movements of the 1960s-70s, which saw massive strikes, protests, occupations, directly democratic assemblies and widespread radicalism across society.

Key texts

Key people and groups

  • Lotta Continua – Arguably the most important extra-parliamentary organisation of the 1970s in Italy.
  • Potere Operaio – Autonomist Marxist group basing theory on the everyday life of workers and their refusal of work.
  • Antonio Negri – Autonomist Marxist academic and leader of Potere Operaio, wrongfully imprisoned for alleged involvement in the Brigate Rosse urban guerrilla group.
  • Mario Tronti – Highly influential Marxist philosopher, considered to be one of the founders of autonomist thought.
  • Mariarosa Dalla Costa – Marxist feminist famous for arguing that women’s unwaged labour is an essential part of capitalist reproduction, rather than merely an oppression imposed on women by men.
  • Silvia Federici – Marxist feminist writer drawing the links between capitalism’s need for women’s unpaid labour and the subjugation of women under patriarchy.
  • Sergio Bologna – veteran Italian autonomist intellectual and activist.

Workers’ struggles

Women’s struggles

Community struggles

Other media

  • Hot Autumn photo gallery, Italy 1969 – Photos of strikes, demonstrations, occupations and mass assemblies of workers and students from Italy’s ‘Hot Autumn’ of 1969. Also includes photos from the funeral of anarchistGiuseppe Pinelli, who had been murdered by police earlier that year.
  • Antonio Negri: a revolt that never ends – Documentary about the life and ideas of Italian Marxist Antonio Negri. With interesting footage from Italy in the 1960s-70s explains his development from the ‘Operaisti’ through his trial for supposed involvement in the Red Brigades up to today.
  • Accidental death of an anarchist – Dario Fo – Dario Fo’s best known play, based on the events surrounding Giuseppe Pinelli’s death after he was arrested on suspicion of planting a bomb in Piazza Fontana, Milan, in 1969.
  • ‘La classe operaia va in paradiso’ (The working class goes to heaven) – Excellent film from 1971 depicting a factory worker’s realisation of his condition as a “tool” in the process of production and his struggle against work, alienation and his own trade union.
  • ‘Lavorare con lentezza’ (Work slowly) – Film by the Wu-Ming Collective against the backdrop of 1970s Bologna, in which two young men become involved in the city’s famous radical pirate radio station, Radio Alice.
source: libcom