Category Archives: Theory of Anarchism

SYRIA: The life and work of anarchist Omar Aziz, and his impact on self-organization in the Syrian revolution

By Leila Al Shami for Tahrir-ICN

Photo from: Yallasouriya

Photo from: Yallasouriya

Omar Aziz (fondly known by friends as Abu Kamel) was born in Damascus. He returned to Syria from exile in Saudi Arabia and the United States in the early days of the Syrian revolution. An intellectual, economist, anarchist, husband and father, at the age of 63, he committed himself to the revolutionary struggle. He worked together with local activists to collect humanitarian aid and distribute it to suburbs of Damascus that were under attack by the regime. Through his writing and activity he promoted local self-governance, horizontal organization, cooperation, solidarity and mutual aid as the means by which people could emancipate themselves from the tyranny of the state. Together with comrades, Aziz founded the first local committee in Barzeh, Damascus.The example spread across Syria and with it some of the most promising and lasting examples of non-hierarchical self organization to have emerged from the countries of the Arab Spring. Read the rest of this entry

Anarchism and Nationalism

Author: Anonymous

This article first appeared in Freedom on 21st February 1970 and has been reprinted several times.

Superficially, anarchism is a movement of the Left but this is not strictly so, since it implies being part of the political spectrum. Anarchists reject this, asserting that there is more in common between Right and Left political parties (like the struggle for power) than between even extreme Left political groups and the anarchists. History has shown us that no matter how ‘Left’ a party is when it starts off, the achievement of power brings it round to the Right, for every government wants to maintain the status quo; wants to extend the control it has over the people, and isn’t this what the Right really means? Read the rest of this entry

The colour brown: de-colonising anarchism and challenging white hegemony

By Budour Hassan

The appearance of the Egyptian Black Bloc in Cairo’s streets in January 2013 triggered gullible excitement in Western anarchist circles. Little thought was given to the Egyptian Black Bloc’s political vision – or lack thereof – tactics, or social and economic positions. For most Western anarchists, it was enough that they looked and dressed like anarchists to warrant uncritical admiration. Facebook pages of Israeli anarchists were swamped with pictures of Egyptian Black Bloc activists; skimming through the US anarchist blogosphere during that period would have given one the impression that the Black Bloc was Egypt’s first-ever encounter with anarchism and anti-authoritarianism. But as American writer Joshua Stephens notes, the jubilant reaction many Western anarchists have towards the Black Bloc raises unflattering questions concerning their obsession with form and representation, rather than content and actions. And in this regard, these anarchists are not different from the Islamists who were quick to denounce the Black Bloc as blasphemous and infidel merely because they looked like Westerners. Further, many Western anarchist reactions to the Black Bloc unmask an entrenched orientalist tendency. Their disregard of Egypt and the Middle East’s rich history of anarchism is one manifestation of this. As Egyptian anarchist, Yasser Abdullah illustrates, anarchism in Egypt dates back to the 1870’s in response to the inauguration of the Suez Canal; Italian anarchists in Alexandria took part in the First International, published an anarchist journal in 1877, and took part in the Orabi revolution of 1881; Greek and Italian anarchists also organised strikes and protests with Egyptian workers. Yet these struggles are nonchalantly shunned by those who act today as if the Black Bloc is the first truly radical group to grace Egyptian soil. Read the rest of this entry

Anarca-Islam

By Mohamed Jean Veneuse

Abstract

As an anarchist and a Muslim, I have witnessed troubled times as a result of extreme divisions that exist between these two identities and communities. To minimize these divisions, I argue for an anti-capitalist and anti-authoritarian Islam, an ‘anarca-Islam’, that disrupts two commonly held beliefs: one, that Islam is necessarily authoritarian and capitalist; two, that anarchism is necessarily anti-religious. From this position I offer ‘anarca-Islam’ which I believe can help open-minded (non-essentialist/non-dogmatic) Muslims and anarchists to better understand each other, and therefore to more effectively collaborate in the context of what Richard JF Day has called the ’newest’ social movements. Read the rest of this entry

بوب بلاك – اللاسلطوية 101

Anarchy 101, Bob Black in English here

المصدر: الأناركية بالعربية556816_493691223985137_77891838_n

الأصل بالانجليزية

ترجمة : مينا ناجي

ما هى اللاسلطوية ؟ و من هم اللاسلطويون ؟

اللاسلطوية هى فكرة عن الطريقة المثلى للعيش . اللاسلطوية هى أسلوب حياة .
اللاسلطوية هى فكرة أن الحكومة ( الدولة ) غير ضرورية و ضارة ، و المجتمع اللاسلطوى هو مجتمع بغير حكومة . اللاسلطويون هم من  يؤمنون بتلك الفكرة و يرغبون فى العيش فى غير سلطوية ، مثلما فعل أسلافنا جميعا يوما .
هؤلاء المؤمنون بالحكومة – مثل الليبراليين ، المحافظين ، الاشتراكيين و الفاشيين – يعرفوا بكونهم دولانيين .
يمكن أن تبدو اللاسلطوية على هذا النحو سلبية بشكل بحت ، انها فقط ” ضد ” شئ ما . لدى اللاسلطويين ، فى الحقيقة ، العديد من الأفكار  الايجابية بخصوص العيش فى مجتمع بغير دولة ، و لكن على العكس من الماركسيين ، الليبراليين و المحافظين ، لا يقدمون مخططا تفصيليا  للعمل . Read the rest of this entry

What could the economic structure of anarchy look like?

Anarchist Writers
Published on Anarchist Writers (http://anarchism.pageabode.com)

What could the economic structure of anarchy look like?

Here we will examine possible frameworks of a libertarian socialist economy. We stress that it is frameworks rather than framework because it is likely that any anarchist society will see a diverse number of economic systems co-existing in different areas, depending on what people in those areas want. “In each locality,” argued Diego Abad de Santillan, “the degree of communism, collectivism or mutualism will depend on the conditions prevailing. Why dictate rules? We who make freedom our banner, cannot deny it in economy. Therefore there must be free experimentation, free show of initiative and suggestions, as well as the freedom of organisation.” As such, anarchism “can be realised in a multiformity of economic arrangements, individual and collective. Proudhon advocated mutualism; Bakunin, collectivism; Kropotkin, communism. Malatesta has conceived the possibility of mixed agreements, especially during the first period.” [After the Revolution, p. 97 and p. 96] Read the rest of this entry

LEBANON: A Letter from Radical Beirut to North American Anarchists

17.05.2013 by Radical Beirut

Comrades,

The Arab uprisings and Occupy Wall Street and the rest of global uprisings since 2011 have opened more doors for us to communicate and realize more than ever how our struggles against the state and dominant power structures are interconnected and the same. Our fight against the beast is one; we are informed and inspired by your past and current struggles, as well as we know that you are informed and inspired by our struggles, yet we still have a long way to go to understand one another and scale up our common fight. Read the rest of this entry

Interview with anarchist, Stuart Christie

March 21, 2013

image L-R: Stuart Christie, Luis Edo, Albert Meltzer, Doris Ellsinger

Stuart Christie has been an active anarchist through writing, publishing and action. He first achieved notoriety in 1964, when he attempted to assassinate the dictator, Franco. He was imprisoned for 20 years but freed only 3 years later thanks to an international campaign that included Jean-Paul Sartre and Bertrand Russell. In the 1970s, Stuart and Alfred Meltzer re-formed the Anarchist Black Cross (an organisation to aid anarchist prisoners), edited Black Flag magazine and – by and by – was acquitted of being part of the Angry Brigade. Below is an interview with Stuart, together with an extract from a book he wrote providing details of what happened on that fateful journey to Spain to assassinate Franco. Read the rest of this entry

The dangerous dreams of Slavoj Žižek

by Jerome Roos on April 18, 2013

Post image for The dangerous dreams of Slavoj Žižek

Žižek’s misplaced tribute to Thatcher and his diatribe against direct democracy reveal the dangerous messianic tendencies of his “radical” philosophy. Read the rest of this entry

TUNISIA: Tunisian Anarchists Against World Capitalism

rebellion-revolution-anarchy

In response to the World Social Forum in Tunisia, some Tunisian anarchistshave issued this anti-capitalist manifesto. Volume Three of Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas, contains similar selections regarding anti-capitalist anarchist movements in Egypt, Greece, Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America and North America. Volume Three is available through AK Press. Read the rest of this entry